Periods of glaciation have a large effect on sea level Ingmanson and Wallace, There are, however, other reasons for citing references in scientific research papers.
This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. The exact format is not critical, but consistency and completeness is. If the source is a book, specify where the publisher is located. Additionally, as a general rule, only provide reference entries for sources that were specifically cited or mentioned in your paper.
All entries of the research paper reference list should be double-spaced without any extra spaces between each entry. If you are citing a part of a larger work, you should give the title, followed by a comma, the word "In" followed by the larger work, and then add "[Online]" or "[CDROM]" as appropriate, followed by a period.
For Articles or Chapters with separate authors from a Book or Compilation List the author s of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter no quotes, italics or underlinesthen the name s of the editor s of the book or compilation, followed by "ed.
This means any book, article, website, person, pamphlet, television broadcast, movie, picture or any other resource that you discussed or quoted or that provided information you included in your essay.
Whatever type of format you choose, follow it consistently throughout your reference list. Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin.
Put in parentheses the author s last names, the year, and optionally the page number s separated by commas. Grass genera of the world-interactive identification and information retrieval.
Single-space the entries in your list of references. Format of Citations and References 1. All research papers in APA style should include a list of the sources used for investigation.
Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article.
Capitalize all major words in journal titles. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title. If you have more than one entry by the same author, they should be further ordered by increasing publication date more recent papers last.
Separate the entries with a blank line. Samples of Complete References All of the examples given above may be summarized by citing a few references in the form we would like you to use. The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from Hansen and the Council of Biology Editors Books without authors should be alphabetized by the first significant word of their titles.
For an author who is a person, the entry should begin with the last name i. In general, if you wish to cite an electronic file, you should include either the term "[Online]" or the term "[CDROM]" enclosed in square brackets before the closing period terminating the title of the work cited.
Do not use footnotes for citations. The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from the Council of Biology Editors Do not use footnotes in this class for citations.
Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. This list is usually called research paper references. When to Cite References in Scientific Research Papers You should acknowledge a source any time and every time you use a fact or an idea that you obtained from that source.
Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers The following apply to citing the name and identifying information for journals, magazines, newspapers, and periodicals in general. Left-align the entries, beginning flush left. While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources.
Norton, New York City, p. Printed Book Crosley, L.Your research paper ends with a list of all the sources cited in the text of the paper. Here are nine quick rules for this Reference list. Start a new page for your Reference list.
Centre the title, References, at the top of the page. Double-space the list. Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.
APA Reference List for a Research Paper. A research paper published by an organization: American Psychological Association. ().
Cognitive development in. The reference page is a crucial element of your research paper; it helps you prevent plagiarism, and it proves you did your research. Citing References in Scientific Research Papers.
Compiled by Timothy T. Allen, revised This paper greatly expands upon a handout originally prepared by an unknown author for distribution to students in introductory. 4. Your List of References. Create a list of references, one for each item cited in the paper, in a section called "References".
This section goes at the end of your paper. The references are to be alphabetized by the fist author's last name, or (if no author is listed) the organization or title.Download